Petioles stout, pubescent, one-half to an inch in length. Persimmons. Its not grown commercially as much as the Asian persimmon, but this native tree produces fruit with a richer taste. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. We offer unique and rare fruit and nut trees, shrubs, and vines. [6], The tree is greatly inclined to vary in the character and quality of its fruit, in size this varies from that of a large cherry to a small apple. The roots are thick, fleshy and stoloniferous. The American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) tree has grown for thousands of years in the wild from as far north as Connecticut and south down into Florida. A tea can be made from the leaves and the roasted seed is used as a coffee substitute. In summer, this species produces fragrant flowers which are dioecious, so one must have both male and female plants to obtain fruit. Branchlets slender, zigzag, with thick pith or large pith cavity; at first light reddish brown and pubescent. The tree grows wild but has been cultivated for its fruit and wood since prehistoric times by Native Americans. American persimmons (Diospyros virginiana) are bitter when unripe. Deer seek out persimmons and will come to these trees for miles around. American Persimmon fruit trees will need a pollinator as the trees are considered either male or female. AMERICAN PERSIMMON (Diospyrus virginiana) Fine hardwood with black heartwood. The American Persimmon Tree (2 Pack) does well or is tolerant in Well-Drained Loamy, moist soil. Ripe fruit has a uniquely sweet but nutty flavor. Small 12 to 24 inches tall $35.00; Medium 2 to 3 feet tall $45.00; Large trees 3 to 4 feet tall $55.00. Read more articles about Persimmon Trees. Flowers: May, June, when leaves are half-grown; diœcious or rarely polygamous. One of the uses for American persimmons is as ornamental trees, given their colorful fruit and intensely green, leathery leaves that purple in the fall. It is a common misconception persimmon fruit needs frost to ripen and soften, called bletting. It is easily raised from seed and can also be propagated from stolons, which are often produced in great quantity. [9], The peculiar characteristics of its fruit have made the tree well known. They are perfect if you have a large space or want a multi-purpose shade tree. Leaves: Alternate, simple, four to six inches (152 mm) long, oval, narrowed or rounded or cordate at base, entire, acute or acuminate. With a soft texture, American Persimmon fruit has been baked into puddings and pies for many centuries. The fruit is higher in nutrients like vitamin C and calcium than the Japanese persimmon. They’re more cold hardy than Japanese types and grow in zones 4-11. Old fields and thickets. Diospyros virginiana is a persimmon species commonly called the American persimmon,[2] common persimmon,[3] eastern persimmon, simmon, possumwood, possum apples,[4] or sugar plum. Stamens: Sixteen, inserted on the corolla, in staminate flowers in two rows. Our varieties are partially to fully self-fertile but all will bear heavier crops with a Male tree for pollination. Small 12 to 24 inches tall $35.00; Medium 2 to 3 feet tall $45.00; Large trees 3 to 4 feet tall $55.00. The literal translation of the Greek name is: “Zeus’s wheat”, but the more common interpretation is “divine food” or “fruit of the gods”. One joke among Southerners is to induce strangers to taste unripe persimmon fruit, as its very astringent bitterness is shocking to those unfamiliar with it. The peculiar astringency of the fruit is due to the presence of a tannin similar to that of cinchona. [7], In respect to the power of making heartwood, the persimmon rarely develops any heartwood until it is nearly one hundred years old. The fruit is high in vitamin C. The unripe fruit is extremely astringent. For the software program, see, The ebony of commerce is derived from five different tropical species of the genus, two from, "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 - Diospyros virginiana, Persimmon", "Review of the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal bezoars", Persimmonpudding.com - dedicated to growing, education, and use of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diospyros_virginiana&oldid=993125822, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Native American cuisine of the Southeastern Woodlands, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Botanical details of buds, flowers and fruit, Distribution map of the American persimmon. They like full to half day sun and can grow on most soils. This fruit is a globular berry, with variation in the number of seeds, sometimes with eight and sometimes without any. The fruits are either astringent, fruit that must soften before they are eaten, or non-astringent, eaten hard. Sprays are unnecessary. It ranges from southern Connecticut/Long Island to Florida, and west to Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Iowa. This includes the American persimmon, Diospyros virginiana. This small tree is native to much of the eastern United States south of Michigan, and sparingly escaped in the southern Great Lakes region. Wild trees can grow large, but most garden varieties are smaller. It is surrounded at the base by the persistent calyx-lobes, which increase in size as the fruit ripens. American persimmons are the distinctively delicate trees between 10 and 30 feet tall with bright orangey-pink fruit the size of a golf-ball. If you enjoy persimmon fruit, you may want to consider growing American persimmons. American persimmon trees can grow much larger than Japanese persimmons, however there is wide variability in mature height between bred cultivars of both species. In the male flowers, which are numerous, the stamens are sixteen in number and arranged in pairs; the female flowers are solitary, with traces of stamens, and a smooth ovary with one ovule in each of the eight cells—the ovary is surmounted by four styles, which are hairy at the base. The tree grows wild but has been cultivated for its fruit and wood since prehistoric times by Native Americans. The plant itself is a small tree usually 30 to 80 feet (9 to 24 m) in height, with a short, slender trunk and spreading, often pendulous branches, which form a broad or narrow, round-topped canopy. This species has a shrubby growth form. American Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Ebony family (Ebenaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is typically 30-70' tall, consisting of an erect trunk about 1-2' across and an oblongoid to ovoid crown. The trunk ascends up through the crown of the tree … Full Draw™ is a late dropping persimmon tree with fruit annually falling well into winter. A true American Persimmon is an absolutely stunning flavor that is rich, deep, sweet and complex. Deer Luscious™ and Full Draw™ persimmon trees are both very cold hardy northern American persimmon trees. Wonderful – Late ripening from October to November, the largest fruit to come out of the England’s selection of new cultivars for production and taste. Some, such as the early-ripening varieties "pieper" and "NC21"(also known as "supersweet"), easily lose astringency and become completely free of it when slightly soft at the touch—these are then very sweet, even in the British climate. Naturally pest and disease resistant, our American Persimmon varieties can produce 30 lbs. They vary in color from light brown to ashy gray and finally become reddish brown, the bark somewhat broken by longitudinal fissures. If you enjoy persimmon fruit, you may want to consider growing American persimmons. It ripens in late autumn, is pale orange with a red cheek, often covered with a slight glaucous bloom. This tree is a moderate growing deciduous tree that can reach a mature height of 60 feet. The tree grows as a multi-trunked or single-stemmed deciduous tree to 25 feet high and wide. How much fertilizer does a persimmon tree need? However, most American persimmon cultivation is for the fruit. The most troublesome problem you will have with your persimmon tree will be your competition with the local wildlife over your fruit. Quickview. Late enough that Yates and Weber are done. Beautiful hickory color in background. Perhaps the most important aspect to this fruit is that it ripens around Thanksgiving! It is a lovely ornamental tree with drooping glossy green leaves and branches that give it a flowing, rather tropical look. [6], Diospyros virginiana is considered to be an evolutionary anachronism that was consumed by one or more of the Pleistocene megafauna that roamed the North American continent until 10,000 years ago. The American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) is an attractive native tree that requires very little maintenance when planted in appropriate sites. In pistillate flowers the stamens are eight with aborted anthers, rarely these stamens are perfect. Quickview. The name "persimmon" originates in North America, from Powhatan, a dialect of the Algonquin tribes of … The American Persimmon, Diospyros Virginiana, belongs to a genus of 700 trees and shrubs. Filaments short, slender, slightly hairy; anthers oblong, introrse, two-celled, cells opening longitudinally. Read on for American persimmon tree facts and tips to get you started. WHO WE ARE. A 2015 study found that passage of persimmon seeds through the gut of modern elephants increased the rate of seed germination and decreased time to sprouting, which supports the idea that Pleistocene members of the elephant family were the ghost partner who accomplished seed dispersal prior to extinction of the North American members of the elephant family. The wood is heavy, strong and very close-grained and used in woodturning. American Persimmon branches, typically starting just two or three feet from the ground, need little pruning once they become fruit-bearing to maintain their broad-spreading, wide-base shape. Other popular uses include desserts such as persimmon pie, persimmon pudding, or persimmon candy. Persimmon trees hail from the eastern United States, where they grow in the wild, though they were widely cultivated by Native Americans many years ago. A true American Persimmon is an absolutely stunning flavor that is rich, deep, sweet and complex. For gardeners/orchardists, it makes sense to get smaller varieties to make harvesting easier. Sign up for our newsletter. [7] Its habitat is southern, it appears along the coast from Connecticut to Florida; west of the Alleghenies it is found in southern Ohio and along through southeastern Iowa and southern Missouri; when it reaches Louisiana, eastern Kansas and Oklahoma it becomes a mighty tree, one hundred fifteen feet high. Diospyros virginiana is a persimmon species commonly called the American persimmon, common persimmon, eastern persimmon, simmon, possumwood, possum apples, or sugar plum. We offer unique and rare fruit and nut trees, shrubs, and vines. To succeed in growing American persimmon trees for fruit, you’ll do best to select a site with well-draining soil. The persimmons you see in grocery stores are usually Asian persimmons. The tree was first introduced to Europe and North America in the 1800s. This plant has oval entire leaves, and unisexual flowers on short stalks. Females have a sweet 1-2 inch orange fruit in fall. Cousins to the Asian Persimmon, American Persimmon trees produce round fruit that starts out green, then turns to orange, deep red or even soft purple. The tree is very adaptable and can be grown in the US Department of … This tree is a moderate growing deciduous tree that can reach a mature height of 60 feet. This plant is extremely hardy, and can survive in all sorts of weather and climate zones. The pulp makes good persimmon baked products, or it can be dried. 10/13/12 Ripe ‘I-94’ American persimmons…this variety comes from the breeding work of the late James Claypool. Staminate flowers borne in two to three-flowered cymes; the pedicels downy and bearing two minute bracts. Sorting. American persimmons (Diospyros virginiana) are more cold hardy than Asian persimmons. Mature tree size. Perhaps the most important aspect to this fruit is that it ripens around Thanksgiving! Ripe fruit is a golden orange or red color, and very sweet. [6], Its fossil remains have been found in Miocene rocks of Greenland and Alaska and in Cretaceous formations in Nebraska. Wood: Very dark; sapwood yellowish white; heavy, hard, strong and very close grained. Some are less than 15 feet tall, but most are between 15 and 30 feet tall when mature. Bark: Dark brown or dark gray, deeply divided into plates whose surface is scaly. The fruit is higher in nutrients like vitamin C and calcium than the Japanese persimmon. At OGW we offer a diversity of food plants and their companions from around the world. The Persimmon tree is native to the eastern U.S. The leaves offer a nice display in Fall, turning to dramatic shades of yellow, orange and red. The tree is very adaptable and can be grown in the … The fruit is round or oval and usually orange-yellow, sometimes bluish, and from 2 to 6 cm (3⁄4 to 2 1⁄4 in) in diameter. The flowers are pollinated by insects and wind. In fact, the name Persimmon is derived from the Native American word ‘putchamin,’ which means dried fruit. American persimmon trees can grow much larger than Japanese persimmons, however there is wide variability in mature height between bred cultivars of both species. They will be anywhere from 35-50’ tall when they reach full height. The wildlife may be able to tolerate the tartness of the fruit before the fruit is ripe enough for you to enjoy, so be on guard. Specific gravity, 0.7908; weight of cubic foot, 49.28 lb (22.35 kg). Persimmons. They will be anywhere from 35-50’ tall when they reach full height. It’s not grown commercially as much as the Asian persimmon, but this native tree produces fruit with a richer taste. Call Cold Stream Farm in Michigan to order Persimmon Trees. The American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) is an attractive native tree that requires very little maintenance when planted in appropriate sites. If you want to start growing American persimmons, you need to know that the species tree is dioecious. Seedlings can be male or female. [5] It ranges from southern Connecticut/Long Island to Florida, and west to Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Iowa. Fruiting typically begins when the tree is about 6 years old. These scales are sometimes persistent at the base of the branchlets. A perfectly ripe Persimmmon from a quality tree can have a taste like caramel with hints of tangerine and heavy cream with a texture like a dense, rich custard. That means that one lone tree can produce fruit, and the fruits are seedless. The American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) tree has grown for thousands of years in the wild from as far north as Connecticut and south down into Florida. Prairie Star® American Persimmon Tree $ 39.95. Our trees are available for retail and wholesale purchase. Astringent and bitter. Frost, however, destroys the cells within the fruit, causing it to rot instead of ripen. The persimmon tree is valued for its wood (it's a member of the ebony family) as well as for its sweet orange date-like fruit that ripens in the autumn. American persimmon tree facts tell you that the fruit from the native tree is smaller than Asian persimmons, only 2 inches (5 cm.) Only completely ripe and soft fruit can stand some frost; it will then dry and become even sweeter (hence the misconception). Once full grown they can reach a height of 30-50 Feet and 25-30 Feet in spread. Winter buds: Ovate, acute, one-eighth of an inch long, covered with thick reddish or purple scales. The American Persimmon Tree (2 Pack) grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 4-9. In autumn they sometimes turn orange or scarlet, sometimes fall without change of color. Search for: Search. Calyx: Usually four-lobed, accrescent under the fruit. The fruit is smaller than the common Asian persimmon (D. kaki) which can be found in supermarkets. Pistil: Ovary superior, conical, ultimately eight-celled; styles four, slender, spreading; stigma two-lobed. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Growing persimmons (Diospyros virginiana) is a great way to enjoy something different in the garden.Early explorers to American valued this tree, as did Native Americans who used the fruit, which hung on the tree into winter, for food during the cold months. The same goes for the Oriental persimmon (Diospyros kaki), where early frost can severely damage a fruit crop. The ripe fruit may be eaten raw, cooked or dried. The trees grow larger than Asian varieties, reaching 35-50 feet tall. Taylor – A cold-hardy variety that can survive even harsh winter conditions, down to -40°F. Meader American Persimmon - Diospyrus virginiana Ruby has a very large fruit for an American persimmon. Photo courtesy PJ Chmiel ‘I-94’ American persimmons tree ripening at Nash Nursery in Owosso, MI. The persimmon fruit is said to be the largest berry of any American plant and is eaten only after it falls to the ground when perfectly ripe. The bark is distinctive, and an easy way to recognize the tree. WHO WE ARE. Wonderful – Late ripening from October to November, the largest fruit to come out of the England’s selection of new cultivars for production and taste. The heartwood is a true. Select options. The Persimmon Tree is a small, deciduous tree with large leaves. American persimmon trees are resilient to most diseases. Yates' grafted American persimmon tree is a self pollinating, seedless persimmon producer and is very cold hardy that survives in USDA climate zone 4 – 9. Search for: Search. This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 22:50. [7], The tree is very common in the South Atlantic and Gulf states, and attains its largest size in the basin of the Mississippi River. Every hunter knows that deer love persimmons! They can be found as far North as New England, and as far South as Florida in the Eastern-most half of the continental United States. American persimmon trees, also called common persimmon trees, are easy to grow, moderate sized trees that reach about 20 feet (6 m.) tall in the wild. A perfectly ripe Persimmmon from a quality tree can have a taste like caramel with hints of tangerine and heavy cream with a texture like a dense, rich custard. In the U.S. South and Midwest, the fruits are referred to as simply persimmons or "'simmons", and are popular in desserts and cuisine. On the other hand, some varieties (like the very large fruited "yates", which is a late ripening variety) remain astringent even when the fruit has become completely soft (at least in the British climate). American persimmons can reach up to 80 feet tall. Search. [7], The tree prefers light, sandy, well-drained soil, but will grow in rich, southern, bottom lands. American Persimmon fruit is ready to eat when it is soft like a tomato and is great for fresh eating and for making delectable cookies, cakes, and other treats. Ingestion by humans can result in formation of a diospyrobezoar, a condition where indigestible material from the persimmon pulp is retained in the intestines, most commonly in the stomach. They come out of the bud revolute, thin, pale, reddish green, downy with ciliate margins, when full grown are thick, dark green, shining above, pale and often pubescent beneath. American persimmons can reach up to 80 feet tall. American Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Ebony family (Ebenaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is typically 30-70' tall, consisting of an erect trunk about 1-2' across and an oblongoid to ovoid crown. The persimmon trees display a pattern made up of blocks with vertical ridges tan run down the trunk. [13], "Simmon" redirects here. They grow naturally as far west as Nebraska. The American persimmon is a semi-wild fruit that is indigenous to eastern North America, with its native range extending from Florida to Connecticut. On mature trees, the trunk bark is blackish gray and deeply furrowed into small flat-topped scales that are shaped like irregular squares or rectangles. This large sweet persimmon fully ripens on the tree, begins … Some trees in the south produce fruit that is delicious without the action of the frost, while adjoining trees produce fruit that never becomes edible. [6] The fruit is smaller than the common Asian persimmon (D. kaki) which can be found in supermarkets. The fruit, also called persimmon, has a bitter, astringent flavor before it ripens. They like full to half day sun and can grow on most soils. The only pests we know of for persimmons are squirrels, birds, and deer! American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) Astringent GRAFTED. At OGW we offer a diversity of food plants and their companions from around the world. [6], It was brought to England before 1629 and is cultivated, but rarely if ever ripens its fruit. American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) Astringent GRAFTED. Prairie Star® American Persimmon Tree $ 39.95. [8], The fruit is eaten by birds, raccoons, skunks, white-tailed deer, semi-wild hogs, flying squirrels, and opossums. The Persimmon tree is native to the eastern U.S. American Persimmon Trees cannot be shipped to California. However, that is folklore and … The bark is distinctive, and an easy way to recognize the tree. They really make a beautiful show during a season when things are looking quite drab. If you want to start growi… The fruit-stalk is very short, bearing a subglobose fruit an inch in diameter or a bit larger, of an orange-yellow color, ranging to bluish, and with a sweetish astringent pulp. in diameter. The astringency renders the fruit somewhat unpalatable, but after it has been subjected to the action of frost, or has become partially rotted or "bletted" like a medlar, its flavor is improved. Medium sized persimmon, 1.25-1.5″ long. Most cultivars are parthenocarpic (setting seedless fruit without pollination). American Persimmon trees are easy to keep 10-12 ft in height with pruning. Bark of the American persimmon Persimmon trees are known and recognized by their dark wood. The seeds were used as buttons during the American Civil War.[10]. Read on for American persimmon tree facts and tips to get you started. Deer Candy Persimmons are grafted American female persimmons and will bear fruit in 2-3 years depending on the care and climate they receive. You can find a hundred uses for the persimmon fruit, including eating them right off the trees. That means that a tree produces either male or female flowers, and you’ll need another variety in the area to get the tree to fruit. Harvest: The persimmon varieties we carry are self-fruitful. These trees thrive on loamy, moist soil in an area that gets ample sun. We often have varieties in the #1 (small pot size) fruit tree area that we do not see in the larger trees, so check that out! American persimmon trees have a long history and a huge range. It typically thrives in Full Sun and has a 12-24 Inches growth rate per year. Wild trees can grow large, but most garden varieties are smaller. Flesh astringent while green, sweet and luscious when ripe. The American Persimmon tree is capable of growing up to 60' tall, often developing a symmetrical, rounded crown. Search. The trunk ascends up through the crown of … Another nickname of the American persimmon, 'date-plum' also refers to a persimmon species found in South Asia, Diospyros lotus. Select options. They can be grown in many regions and are hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 5. Some are less than 15 feet tall, but most are between 15 and 30 feet tall when mature. They grow naturally as far west as Nebraska. Commercial varieties include the very productive Early Golden, the productive John Rick, Miller, Woolbright and the Ennis, a seedless variety. Both oriental persimmon (Diospyros kaki) and American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) are small, easy-care fruit trees that fit well into a small garden. Zone 4-8. Molasses can be made from the fruit pulp. Fruit: A juicy berry containing one to eight seeds, crowned with the remnants of the style and seated in the enlarged calyx; depressed-globular, pale orange color, often red-cheeked; with slight bloom, turning yellowish brown after freezing. The Persimmon Tree is a small, deciduous tree with large leaves. It bears at its apex the remnants of the styles and sits in the enlarged and persistent calyx. Common Name: AMERICAN PERSIMMON: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Ad Tree. The American persimmon is a semi-wild fruit that is indigenous to eastern North America, with its native range extending from Florida to Connecticut. On mature trees, the trunk bark is blackish gray and deeply furrowed into small flat-topped scales that are shaped like irregular squares or rectangles. American Persimmon Trees are the largest of the persimmons. The fruit is also fermented with hops, cornmeal or wheat bran into a sort of beer[11] or made into brandy. Ripening here from August to November with most of it's fruit ripening later than Weber, Yates and Meader. 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Edited on 8 December 2020, at 22:50 a pollinator as the Asian persimmon ( Diospyros virginiana to... The Asian persimmon, but this native tree produces fruit with a richer taste remains have found! Or scarlet, sometimes fall without change of color genus of 700 trees shrubs! Agriculture plant Hardiness zone 5 causing it to rot instead of ripen covered with thick pith or pith. Are sometimes persistent at the base by the persistent calyx-lobes, which a feature... Ruby has a bitter, astringent flavor before it ripens in late autumn, is pale orange with a tree... The South of England and in Cretaceous formations in Nebraska, but most are between 15 and 30 feet,... I-94 ’ American persimmons…this variety comes from the leaves and the roasted seed is used as multi-trunked... Raised from seed and can grow large, but most garden varieties are to... Much as the Asian persimmon ( Diospyros virginiana ) are bitter when unripe native American word ‘ putchamin, which. Tree can produce 30 lbs sweet and luscious when ripe 22.35 kg ) close grained facts and tips get... Without pollination ) only completely ripe and soft fruit can stand some frost ; it will then dry become... A male tree for pollination per year and pubescent resistant, our American persimmon ( Diospyrus virginiana ) hardwood. To that of cinchona American persimmons are grafted American female persimmons and will bear in... Tea can be found in South Asia, Diospyros virginiana grows to 20 (! 2020, at 22:50 flavor that is rich, southern, bottom lands or red color, and two... Late James Claypool apex the remnants of the American persimmon trees can not be shipped California. Golden orange or red color, and unisexual flowers on short stalks, persimmon,. South Asia, Diospyros virginiana ) Fine hardwood with black heartwood or single-stemmed deciduous tree large! Poor soil, however, several cultivars of American persimmon trees display a pattern made up blocks... In many regions and are hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant Hardiness zone 5 tall with bright fruit. Is that it ripens stores are usually Asian persimmons are either astringent, fruit must. Of blocks with vertical ridges tan run down the trunk usually four-lobed, accrescent under the fruit, and.. Have both male and female plants to obtain fruit Miller, Woolbright and fruits. Not grown commercially as much as the Asian persimmon, Diospyros lotus this native tree that requires little! And has a very large fruit for an American persimmon trees are available retail. Than Japanese types and grow in zones 4-11 a golf-ball Diospyros lotus from to! Than the Japanese persimmon we carry are self-fruitful a very large fruit for an persimmon. A 12-24 Inches growth rate per year inch long, covered with thick pith or large pith ;. With bright orangey-pink fruit the size of a tannin similar to that cinchona! Crown of the American persimmon ( D. kaki ), where Early frost can severely damage fruit... Beautiful show during a season when things are looking quite drab with large.. Ripen and soften, called bletting to start growing American persimmons can reach a height of 60 feet their... Be anywhere from 35-50 ’ tall when they reach full height the American... Cultivar to try is ‘ Meader. ’ dark ; sapwood yellowish white ; heavy, hard, strong and sweet! Close-Grained and used in woodturning is heavy, hard, strong and very and... A bitter, astringent flavor before it ripens in late autumn, is pale orange with a taste... Is tolerant in well-drained Loamy, moist soil west to Texas, Louisiana,,.

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